Influence of filling ratio and carrier type on organic matter removal in a moving bed biofilm reactor with pretreatment of electrocoagulation in wastewater treatment

C. Lopez-Lopez, J. Martín-Pascual, A. González-Martínez, K. Calderón, J. González-López, E. Hontoria, J. M. Poyatos*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

At present, there is great concern about limited water resources and water quality, which require a more advanced technology. The Moving Bed Biofilm Reactor (MBBR) has been shown to be an efficient technology for removal of organic matter and nutrients in industrial and urban wastewater treatment. However, there are some pollutants which are more difficult to remove by biological processes, so this process can be improved with additional physical and chemical treatments such as electrocoagulation, which appears to be a promising technology in electrochemical treatments. In this research, urban wastewater was treated in an MBBR plant with an electrocoagulation pre-treatment. K1 from Anox Kaldnes® and AQWISE ABC5 from Aqwise were the carriers studied under three different filling ratios (20, 35, and 50%). The experimental pilot plant had four bioreactors with 20 L of operation volume and a common feed tank with 100 L of operation volume. The movement of the carriers was generated by aeration and stirrer systems. Organic matter removal was studied by analysis of soluble chemical oxygen demand (sCOD). The maximum organic matter removal in this MBBR system was 65.8% ± 1.4% and 78.4% ± 0.1% for K1 and Aqwise ABC5 carriers, respectively. Moreover, the bacterial diversity of the biofilm was studied by temperature-gradient gel electrophoresis (TGGE) of PCR-amplified partial 16S rRNA genes. 20 prominent TGGE bands were successfully reamplified and sequenced, being the predominant population: β-Proteobacteria, α-Proteobacteria, and Actinobacteria.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1759-1767
Number of pages9
JournalJOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND HEALTH PART A: TOXIC/HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING
Volume47
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2012
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • carrier type
  • electrocoagulation
  • MBBR
  • urban wastewater

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