Influence of calcium carbonate on polyamide 12 regarding melting, formability and crystallization properties

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)158-167
Number of pages10
JournalComposites Part B: Engineering
Volume164
StatePublished - 1 May 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Researchers

  • Fabio Ippolito
  • Samuel Rentsch
  • Gunter Hübner
  • Timothy Claypole
  • Patrick Gane

Research units

  • Omya International AG
  • Swansea University
  • Hochschule der Medien

Abstract

Controlling and adjusting the thermal properties of a compound to improve the additive manufacturing process of a polymer matrix through selective laser sintering is of key importance to achieve an optimized final part density as well as hardness. In the past, the purpose of adding mineral fillers to polymers was primarily one of cost reduction. Today, however, fillers are more often used to fulfil a functional role, such as improved thermal or mechanical properties of the polymer composite [1]. In this study, the influence of calcium carbonate as a mineral filler particle on the thermal properties in compression-molded polyamide 12 was investigated. The particle size distribution and the filler amount within the polyamide 12 matrix were varied. The melt viscosity at 190 °C, the melting speed, melting and crystallization point as well as crystallization time at 170 and 172 °C were analyzed. A relationship between these properties and the implementation of a specific amount of calcium carbonate with a certain particle size distribution was observed. The study concludes, that the thermal and flow properties of a polyamide 12 matrix can potentially be manipulated to improve a laser thermal sintering process insofar as the layer melt can be optimized as well as the crystallization process speeded up.

    Research areas

  • Sintering, Smart materials, Thermal analysis, Thermal properties

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