Inducing Strong Light-Matter Coupling and Optical Anisotropy in Monolayer MoS2 with High Refractive Index Nanowire

Abde Mayeen Shafi, Faisal Ahmed, Henry A. Fernandez, Md Gius Uddin, Xiaoqi Cui, Susobhan Das, Yunyun Dai, Vladislav Khayrudinov, Hoon Hahn Yoon, Luojun Du, Zhipei Sun, Harri Lipsanen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Mixed-dimensional heterostructures combine the merits of materials of different dimensions; therefore, they represent an advantageous scenario for numerous technological advances. Such an approach can be exploited to tune the physical properties of two-dimensional (2D) layered materials to create unprecedented possibilities for anisotropic and high-performance photonic and optoelectronic devices. Here, we report a new strategy to engineer the light-matter interaction and symmetry of monolayer MoS2 by integrating it with one-dimensional (1D) AlGaAs nanowire (NW). Our results show that the photoluminescence (PL) intensity of MoS2 increases strongly in the mixed-dimensional structure because of electromagnetic field confinement in the 1D high refractive index semiconducting NW. Interestingly, the 1D NW breaks the 3-fold rotational symmetry of MoS2, which leads to a strong optical anisotropy of up to ∼60%. Our mixed-dimensional heterostructure-based phototransistors benefit from this and exhibit an improved optoelectronic device performance with marked anisotropic photoresponse behavior. Compared with bare MoS2 devices, our MoS2/NW devices show ∼5 times enhanced detectivity and ∼3 times higher photoresponsivity. Our results of engineering light-matter interaction and symmetry breaking provide a simple route to induce enhanced and anisotropic functionalities in 2D materials.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31140–31147
Number of pages8
JournalACS applied materials & interfaces
Issue number27
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jul 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • AlGaAs
  • electromagnetic field confinement
  • light−matter interactions
  • mixed-dimensional heterostructure
  • MoS2
  • rotational symmetry breaking


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