Induced unconventional superconductivity on the surface states of Bi2Te3 topological insulator

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


  • Sophie Charpentier
  • Luca Galletti
  • Gunta Kunakova
  • Riccardo Arpaia
  • Yuxin Song
  • Reza Baghdadi
  • Shu Min Wang
  • Alexei Kalaboukhov
  • Eva Olsson
  • Francesco Tafuri
  • Dmitry Golubev
  • Jacob Linder
  • Thilo Bauch
  • Floriana Lombardi

Research units

  • Chalmers University of Technology
  • University of Latvia
  • CAS - Shanghai Institute of Microsystem and Information Technology
  • University of Naples Federico II
  • SPIN Genova
  • Norwegian University of Science and Technology


Topological superconductivity is central to a variety of novel phenomena involving the interplay between topologically ordered phases and broken-symmetry states. The key ingredient is an unconventional order parameter, with an orbital component containing a chiral p x + ip y wave term. Here we present phase-sensitive measurements, based on the quantum interference in nanoscale Josephson junctions, realized by using Bi2Te3 topological insulator. We demonstrate that the induced superconductivity is unconventional and consistent with a sign-changing order parameter, such as a chiral p x + ip y component. The magnetic field pattern of the junctions shows a dip at zero externally applied magnetic field, which is an incontrovertible signature of the simultaneous existence of 0 and π coupling within the junction, inherent to a non trivial order parameter phase. The nano-textured morphology of the Bi2Te3 flakes, and the dramatic role played by thermal strain are the surprising key factors for the display of an unconventional induced order parameter.


Original languageEnglish
Article number2019
Pages (from-to)1-8
JournalNature Communications
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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