Indoor climate with personalized and centralized room systems

Research output: ThesisDoctoral ThesisCollection of Articles


The indoor climate has a significant impact on occupant satisfaction, wellbeing, and health. For the existing design practice, there is a demand to design novel ventilation systems to create an excellent indoor climate in an energy-efficient manner. More generally, a paradigm shift from a uniform indoor environment to a non-uniform indoor environment accommodating various individual preferences is needed. There also is a need to introduce more advanced systems where users can influence their own local micro-environment. Thus, the objective of the thesis is to investigate the performance of convective and combined convective and radiant cooling systems with personalized control by experimental laboratory studies. The indoor climate in this study was assessed by analyzing the thermal comfort and indoor air quality in a simulated office space with physical measurement and subject tests. This thesis studies different air distribution methods. The studied diffuse ceiling ventilation is similar to fully mixed ventilation. With the former, the strength, distribution, and type of heat gain have a significant influence on air distribution and thermal comfort. The movement of a person decreased the vertical temperature gradient and created different micro-environments close to workstations compared to close to the moving area with the diffuse ceiling ventilation. Compared with diffuse ceiling ventilation alone, the combination of convective cooling and local radiant cooling systems created a lower air temperature and higher air change efficiency in the micro-environment near the workstation with less draught risk. With the micro-environment system, the local low velocity unit and personalized ventilation air terminal device can supply the outdoor air directly to the breathing zone. The radiant cooling panels were installed over the workstation to cover the cooling load. Therefore, the air quality and local thermal comfort near the workstation can be maintained at the same time. Furthermore, with the personalized control of the local airflow rate, the perceived air quality and thermal sensation are more acceptable for the subjects under various activity levels. In particular, the subjects preferred the personalized ventilation air terminal device as it is closer to the breathing zone. This research illustrates that there is significant variation between human subjects in the micro-environment control preferences, and this emphasizes the need for personalized control to ensure that all occupants are satisfied with the indoor conditions.
Translated title of the contributionSisäilmasto henkilökohtaisilla ja keskitetyillä huonejärjestelmillä
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor's degree
Awarding Institution
  • Aalto University
  • Kosonen, Risto, Supervising Professor
  • Melikov, Arsen, Thesis Advisor
Print ISBNs978-952-64-0348-9
Electronic ISBNs978-952-64-0349-6
Publication statusPublished - 2021
MoE publication typeG5 Doctoral dissertation (article)


  • indoor climate
  • dynamic condition
  • personalized system
  • human response
  • convective and radiant cooling
  • centralized room systems


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