Indoor airflow interactions with symmetrical and asymmetrical heat load distributions under diffuse ceiling ventilation

Sami Lestinen, Simo Kilpeläinen, Risto Kosonen, Juha Jokisalo, Hannu Koskela, Angui Li, Guangyu Cao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
111 Downloads (Pure)


Heat load distribution and supply air jets have a major effect on indoor airflow patterns, which may cause local thermal discomfort. In this study, heat load distribution was studied at the heat load strength of 40 W/floor-m2 and 80 W/floor-m2 with diffuse ceiling ventilation. Experimental measurements were carried out in a test chamber of 5.5 x 3.8 x 3.2 m3 by using omnidirectional anemometers and long averaging time. Indoor air temperature of the test chamber was 26 ± 0.5 °C. In the symmetrical setup, cylindrical heat sources were located evenly on the floor. In the asymmetrical setup, two workstations were located near windows. This study recommends the reduction of buoyancy and momentum driven flows in the occupied zone. In a symmetrical setup, the local draft rate exceeded 10% in at least one height from all the measured locations and the heat load strengths in the occupied zone. In an asymmetrical setup, 47% of the measured locations exceeded 10% at 40 W/floor-m2 and 87% at 80 W/floor-m2, correspondingly. Thus, the thermal environment was classified as category B for 40 W/floor-m2 and category C for 80 W/floor-m2 according to EN ISO 7730 standard (CEN 2005 CEN. 2005. European Standard EN ISO 7730:2005. Ergonomics of the thermal environment — Analytical determination and interpretation of thermal comfort using calculation of the PMV and PPD indices and local thermal comfort criteria. Brussels, Belgium: CEN. [Google Scholar]). Spatial differences increased with the asymmetrical setup compared to the symmetrical one, and those differences increased with an increase in the heat load.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)716-731
Number of pages16
JournalScience and Technology for the Built Environment
Issue number6
Early online date6 May 2019
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jul 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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