Individual in-situ calibration of insert headphones

Marko Hiipakka*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleScientificpeer-review


An important procedure in binaural reproduction is the calibration of headphones, which is commonly achieved by first measuring the headphone transfer functions (HpTFs). The commonly used methods of measuring the HpTF are not applicable for insert headphones, since the inserts block the ear canal entrance and since the transducer ports of the inserts are inside the ear canals. Recently, an alternative technique of obtaining HpTFs of inserts using measurements with in-ear microphones, computational modeling, and electro-acoustic Norton-type source models of the inserts has been proposed. In this study, the technique is evaluated using measurements at the eardrums of six human subjects and computational modeling with normal human ear canal parameters. In addition, different methods of obtaining the electro-acoustic source model parameters are compared. It is shown that the most reliable method of obtaining the Norton source parameters of insert headphones is through measurements with a miniature-sized pressure-velocity sensor and several tubes with different cross-sectional diameters as acoustic loads. The evaluations show that the proposed technique of obtaining the HpTFs of insert headphones is accurate and reliable at least up to 10 kHz, which bolsters the applicability of the technique for individual in-situ calibration in binaural reproduction.

Original languageEnglish
Article number030091
JournalProceedings of Meetings on Acoustics
Publication statusPublished - 2013
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication


Dive into the research topics of 'Individual in-situ calibration of insert headphones'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this