In-situ dilatometry and impedance spectroscopy characterization of single walled carbon nanotubes blended LiNi0.6Mn0.2Co0.2O2 electrode with enhanced performance

Seyedabolfazl Mousavihashemi, Katja Lahtinen, Tanja Kallio*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Enhancing lithium-ion batteries (LiBs) cycle life is essential from both economic and sustainability perspective. In addition, to make their application in electric vehicles (EVs) even more feasible, the energy and power density have to be enhanced as well. Improvement in the electrical conductivity of battery electrodes can lead to an augmentation in power density and this can be achieved by using highly conductive carbon nanomaterials in the electrode fabrication. On the other hand, cycle life of LiBs is affected by dilation of both positive and negative electrodes during lithium ion (de)-insertion, and this can be also tailored by electrode design. In this work, ozonated long single walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) are utilized to improve electrical conductivity of a LiNi0.6Mn0.2Co0.2O2 (NMC622) positive electrode along with enhancement of the mechanical strength. The enhancement effect of the ozone-treated SWCNTs on the NMC622 positive electrodes is demonstrated by means of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and in-situ dilatometry. Compared to a conventional conductive carbon containing electrode, the presence of SWCNTs in an NMC622 electrode decreases irreversible height change occurring during a formation cycle from 276 nm to 86 nm and decreases overall electrode height change ∼5.5 times. Furthermore, coulombic and energy efficiencies of the Ozonated SWCNT NMC622 electrodes are improved by 1.2% and 6.4%, respectively, compared to the reference NMC622 electrode after 250 cycles in a three-electrode assembly, showing great potential for SWCNTs to be used in LiBs. Hence, addition of optimized amount of modified SWCNTs is capable of enhancing both power density and cycling stability of LiBs simultaneously.

Original languageEnglish
Article number140093
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume412
Early online date1 Mar 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Apr 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • 3D conductive network
  • Dilatometry
  • Li-ion battery
  • LiNiMnCoO (NMC622)
  • Ozonated SWCNT

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