Improving urban mining practices for optimal recovery of resources from e-waste

Fiseha Tesfaye*, Daniel Lindberg, Joseph Hamuyuni, Pekka Taskinen, Leena Hupa

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

59 Citations (Scopus)


In this article, current progress in urban mining related to e-waste recycling is reviewed and associated state-of-the-art recycling technologies are evaluated. As sufficient volume of e-waste is a limiting factor for its recycling economy, the need for the establishment of effective e-waste collection mechanisms, particularly for small sized End-of-Life (EoL) devices, is emphasized in terms of the need for effective government policies, increased public awareness, economic incentives, establishing industry-funded co-regulatory agreements, etc. Feasible options for e-waste recycling through pyro- and hydro-metallurgical process routes are reviewed. Deficiencies in e-waste recycling chains are highlighted, and recommendations to improve the current very low collection rate of small sized EoL devices such as mobile phones are made. Optimization of the recovery of the critical metals and energy through different processing options is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-221
Number of pages13
JournalMinerals Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Circular economy
  • Environment
  • Recycling
  • Resource efficiency
  • Solid waste


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