Improvement in airflow and temperature distribution with an in-rack UFAD system at a high-density data center

Xiaolei Yuan, Xinjie Xu, Jinxiang Liu, Yiqun Pan, Risto Kosonen, Yang Gao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

This paper introduced and analyzed a new concept where an under-floor air supply (UFAD) system with cold aisle containment (CAC) is replaced by a new in-rack UFAD system called an in-rack cold aisle (IR-CA). The IR-CA system is analyzed using CFD simulation, and on-site measurement was carried out to validate the feasibility and reliability of simulation models. The study is divided into eight cases with seven different dimensions for the rack air inlet (2.2 m × 0.6 m, 0.2 m × 0.6 m, 0.3 m × 0.6 m, 0.4 m × 0.6 m, 0.5 m × 0.6 m, 0.6 m × 0.6 m, and 0.7 m × 0.6 m), while an additional partition plane is placed in Case 8 with a 0.6 m × 0.6-m in-rack air inlet. The thermal distribution is compared and analyzed in the eight cases, while cooling efficiency and energy saving is compared between the original and optimal cases. The results showed that the optimal thermal distribution is achieved in Case 8 with a 0.6 m × 0.6 m IR-CA and partition plane, while the thermal distribution in Case 8 with SAT of 23 7 is still much better than that in the original DC. The application of a 0.6 m × 0.6 m IR-CA and partition plane can save approximately 98 kWh/day in electricity consumption in the studied DC. A new evaluation index named the MS index is proposed to evaluate the optimization effects of the optimization model based on the original model.
Original languageEnglish
Article number106495
JournalBuilding and Environment
Volume168
Early online date28 Oct 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Data centers
  • Airflow management
  • In-rack UFAD
  • Temperature distribution
  • Velocity distribution
  • energy saving

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