Improved activity of oxygen in Ni–Ce 0.8Sm 0.2O 2-δ anode for solid oxide fuel cell with Pr doping

Zhiyong Huang, Lijun Fan, Nianjun Hou, Tian Gan, Juanjuan Gan, Yicheng Zhao*, Yongdan Li

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Ni–Ce 0.8Pr xSm 0.2-xO 2-δ (x = 0–0.15) is studied as an anode of solid oxide fuel cells. The doping of Pr facilitates the chemical oxidation of CH 3OH on the ceramic phase because the strength of Pr–O bond is weaker than that of Ce–O bond. With the addition of Pr, the electronic conductivity of the ceramic phase increases in an oxidizing atmosphere but decreases in a reducing atmosphere. The electrochemical conductivity relaxation results indicate that Pr improves oxygen surface exchange coefficient and oxygen chemical diffusion coefficient of Ce 0.8Sm 0.2O 2-δ simultaneously. The doping of Pr shows negligible influence on the performance of the cell fed with H 2 due to the high reactivity of H 2. However, the maximum power density of the cell with methanol as the fuel increases significantly with the addition of Pr in the anode, demonstrating the high importance of the oxygen activity of the anode when a less active fuel is used. A Ce 0.8Sm 0.2O 2-δ-carbonate electrolyte-supported single cell with Ni–Ce 0.8Pr 0.1Sm 0.1O 2-δ anode shows a maximum power density of 792 mW cm −2 at 650 °C with methanol as the fuel.

Original languageEnglish
Article number227809
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Anode
  • Solid oxide fuel cell
  • Pr doping
  • Doped ceria
  • Methanol fuel
  • CEO2


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