Impact of different mechanical ventilation strategies for night purging on indoor air quality in public buildings

Sami Lestinen*, Simo Kilpeläinen, Risto Kosonen, Juha Jokisalo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
41 Downloads (Pure)


Night-time ventilation has been used in non-residential buildings to enhance indoor air quality before occupied periods. However, many hypotheses exist on how this ventilation should be used. A typical choice has been to shut down the ventilation after occupancy and restart the ventilation again 2 hours before occupancy. Another option has been to ventilate the buildings continuously. In this study, the shut-down, continuous, and intermittent ventilation strategies were compared by evaluating indoor air quality. The daily occupied-hour ventilation was kept as usual. Each test case lasted for 2 weeks. Indoor air quality was assessed by measuring TVOC concentrations. Also, the thermal conditions, carbon dioxide, and pressure differences over the building envelope and over the air distribution devices were measured. The results show that the averaged TVOC concentrations were at the same level in the mornings with all those ventilation strategies. The evening concentrations reached a minimum level after a 2-hour purging period. TVOC concentrations were higher during the day than at night. This reveals that space usage had the largest effect on TVOC concentrations. The results indicate that a 2-hour purging is enough to cleanse indoor air before occupancy, and therefore the continuous night-time ventilation is not necessary.

Original languageEnglish
Article number11003
Number of pages8
JournalE3S Web of Conferences
Publication statusPublished - 29 Mar 2021
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventCold Climate HVAC Congress - Virtual, Online
Duration: 20 Apr 202121 Apr 2021


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