Night-time ventilation has been used in non-residential buildings to enhance indoor air quality before occupied periods. However, many hypotheses exist on how this ventilation should be used. A typical choice has been to shut down the ventilation after occupancy and restart the ventilation again 2 hours before occupancy. Another option has been to ventilate the buildings continuously. In this study, the shut-down, continuous, and intermittent ventilation strategies were compared by evaluating indoor air quality. The daily occupied-hour ventilation was kept as usual. Each test case lasted for 2 weeks. Indoor air quality was assessed by measuring TVOC concentrations. Also, the thermal conditions, carbon dioxide, and pressure differences over the building envelope and over the air distribution devices were measured. The results show that the averaged TVOC concentrations were at the same level in the mornings with all those ventilation strategies. The evening concentrations reached a minimum level after a 2-hour purging period. TVOC concentrations were higher during the day than at night. This reveals that space usage had the largest effect on TVOC concentrations. The results indicate that a 2-hour purging is enough to cleanse indoor air before occupancy, and therefore the continuous night-time ventilation is not necessary.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||E3S Web of Conferences|
|Publication status||Published - 29 Mar 2021|
|MoE publication type||A4 Article in a conference publication|
|Event||Cold Climate HVAC Congress - Virtual, Online|
Duration: 20 Apr 2021 → 21 Apr 2021