Impact of carrier frequency offset and phase noise on the steering vector for 3D drone localization based on angle of arrival (AOA).

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Abstract

Recently, the issue of localizing GPS-denied drones has become a challenge that has attracted attention of researchers. This simulation study focuses on the impact of phase noise (PN) and Carrier Frequency Offset (CFO) on the steering
vector of three-dimensional Angle of Arrival (AOA)-based drone localization. The simulation involves a drone that continuously transmits signals, which are then received by multiple base station (BS) receivers equipped with 4×4 Uniform Rectangular Array (URA) arranged in a hexagonal cell structure. The base
stations possess known locations, and the Inter-site Distance (ISD) between adjacent base stations remains identical. Each base station (BS) receiver receives the signals with different phase noise (PN) and carrier frequency offset (CFO). In this simulation study, we apply Multiple Signal Classification (MUSIC) algorithm
to estimate the direction of the drone at each base station receivers. Subsequently, we employ the least squares (LS) method to approximate an unknown point that maintains the minimum distance from the 3D lines connecting the base stations to the drone, after the 3D-AOA estimation. In order to track the movement of the drone, we apply the Extended Kalman filter (EKF). To validate our proposed approach, we conduct numerical and simulation analyses.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2023 16th International Conference on Signal Processing and Communication System (ICSPCS)
EditorsBeata J Wysocki, Tadeusz A Wysocki
PublisherIEEE
Pages1-6
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)979-8-3503-3351-0
ISBN (Print)979-8-3503-3352-7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Sept 2023
MoE publication typeA4 Conference publication
EventInternational Conference on Signal Processing and Communication Systems - Bydgoszcz, Poland
Duration: 6 Sept 20238 Sept 2023
Conference number: 16
https://icspcs.io.pbs.edu.pl/

Conference

ConferenceInternational Conference on Signal Processing and Communication Systems
Abbreviated titleICSPCS
Country/TerritoryPoland
CityBydgoszcz
Period06/09/202308/09/2023
Internet address

Keywords

  • Drone
  • MUSIC
  • AOA
  • CFO
  • EKF

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