Image analysis for cosmology: Results from the GREAT10 Star Challenge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Researchers

  • T. D. Kitching
  • B. Rowe
  • M. Gill
  • C. Heymans
  • R. Massey
  • D. Witherick
  • F. Courbin
  • K. Georgatzis
  • Massimiliano Gentile
  • D. Gruen
  • M. Kilbinger
  • Lin Ge Li
  • A. P. Mariglis
  • G. Meylan
  • Amos Storkey
  • B. Xin

Research units

  • University College London
  • California Institute of Technology
  • Ohio State University
  • Stanford University
  • Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Físicas
  • Durham University
  • Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne
  • Institute for Adaptive and Neural Computation
  • University of Edinburgh
  • University of Pennsylvania
  • Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich
  • Excellence Cluster Universe
  • CEA
  • CAS - Purple Mountain Observatory
  • Purdue University

Abstract

We present the results from the first public blind point-spread function (PSF) reconstruction challenge, the GRavitational lEnsing Accuracy Testing 2010 (GREAT10) Star Challenge. Reconstruction of a spatially varying PSF, sparsely sampled by stars, at non-star positions is a critical part in the image analysis for weak lensing where inaccuracies in the modeled ellipticity e and size R 2 can impact the ability to measure the shapes of galaxies. This is of importance because weak lensing is a particularly sensitive probe of dark energy and can be used to map the mass distribution of large scale structure. Participants in the challenge were presented with 27,500 stars over 1300 images subdivided into 26 sets, where in each set a category change was made in the type or spatial variation of the PSF. Thirty submissions were made by nine teams. The best methods reconstructed the PSF with an accuracy of σ(e) ≈ 2.5 × 10-4 and σ(R 2)/R 2 ≈ 7.4 × 10-4. For a fixed pixel scale, narrower PSFs were found to be more difficult to model than larger PSFs, and the PSF reconstruction was severely degraded with the inclusion of an atmospheric turbulence model (although this result is likely to be a strong function of the amplitude of the turbulence power spectrum).

Details

Original languageEnglish
Article number12
JournalAstrophysical Journal Supplement Series
Volume205
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2013
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Research areas

  • atmospheric effects, cosmology: observations, methods: data analysis, techniques: image processing

ID: 12761935