Ilmastolain kytkennöistä muuhun lainsäädäntöön sekä perus- ja ihmisoikeuskysymyksiin

Ari Ekroos, Martti Häkkänen, Janne Seppälä, Joonas Tervo, Iikka Väänänen, Matias Wallgren

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned report

Abstract

At the core of the study are the possibilities to link the Climate Change Act to other national legis-lation, particularly to environmental, energy and natural resources statutes, but also, e.g. to the arrangement of administration and taxation. The focus is on both mitigating and adapting to cli-mate change. The study also reviews the links between climate regulation and basic and human rights, assesses opportunities to participate in climate-related decision making and presents possi-bilities to develop the structure and contents of the Climate Change Act.
In currently valid legislation, climate perspectives are for the most part taken into account insuffi-ciently. Linking other legislation to the Climate Change Act is possible in a number of ways, the most obvious being through references to the targets and policy instruments (plans, potential budg-ets) set in the Climate Change Act or by bringing up climate perspectives as factors to be account-ed for without a direct reference to the Climate Change Act.
How functional and necessary the various methods of establishing these links are depends signifi-cantly on the sector of legislation and the type of statute. In particular, climate issues could be in-corporated as a factor to be accounted for in the target provisions and planning arrangements of acts. In permitting legislation, a simple reference to the Climate Change Act would not necessarily be functional in the current situation, as a permitting process subject to judicial discretion would also require specific provisions for climate-based permitting requirements. The ease of linking the Climate Change Act to subsidy and taxation legislation varies significantly. Legislation could im-pose more extensive climate-related planning and reporting duties on public authorities than is currently the case. A particular question is the activities of public sector entities themselves, in-cluding the use of real estate (e.g. public procurement, state-owned forests and state-owned com-panies).
Original languageFinnish
PublisherAALTO-YLIOPISTO
Number of pages122
ISBN (Electronic)978-952-64-0048-8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020
MoE publication typeD4 Published development or research report or study

Publication series

NameAalto-yliopiston julkaisusarja TIEDE + TEKNOLOGIA
No.4
Volume2020
ISSN (Electronic)1799-4888

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