Identification of cyber-attack scenarios in a marine Dual-Fuel engine

Victor Bolbot*, Oussama Methlouthi, Osiris Valdez Banda, La Xiang, Yu Ding, Päivi Brunou

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review


Ships are becoming increasingly interconnected as the maritime industry is undergoing the industry 4.0 revolution. This is associated with more effective management and reduced operational costs but also with cybersecurity challenges. Ships are assets of significant value, and the increased interconnectivity renders them a lucrative object for cyber-attacks. At the same time, the propulsion function is considered especially important on ships from safety but also from cybersecurity perspective. The aim of this paper is the identification of cybersecurity attack scenarios in a dual-fuel engine. For this purpose, we employ Failure Modes, Vulnerabilities and Effects Analysis, an advanced method for cybersecurity analysis. The method is based on the Failure Modes Effect Analysis but incorporates aspects related to cybersecurity, such as the identification of the potential vulnerabilities that can be exploited and threat scenarios that can arise. Using this method, we identify the potential ways to infiltrate into the engine network and to cause damage or take control over the investigated engine. Based on the analysis results we propose specific measures for investigated engine design improvement.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTrends in Maritime Technology and Engineering
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781003320272
Publication statusPublished - 2022
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventInternational Conference on Maritime Technology and Engineering - Lisbon, Portugal
Duration: 24 May 202226 May 2022
Conference number: 6


ConferenceInternational Conference on Maritime Technology and Engineering
Abbreviated titleMARTECH


  • maritime cybersecurity
  • Dual fuel engine


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