Hydrogen evolution in alkaline medium on intratube and surface decorated PtRu catalyst

Farhan S. M. Ali, Ryan Lacdao Arevalo, Matthias Vandichel, Florian Speck, Eeva-Leena Rautama, Hua Jiang, Olli Sorsa, Kimmo Mustonen, Serhiy Cherevko, Tanja Kallio*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

For anion exchange membrane (AEM) electrolysis, challenges include finding an optimal catalyst for hydrogen evolution reaction (HER), as the noble metals are scarce while non-noble metals are inferior. Here, the noble metal amount is reduced in a straightforward solution synthesis which produces Pt-Ru surface nanoparticles and unique intratube nanowires decorated on single walled carbon nanotubes (SWNT). In half-cell tests, 5 wtPtRu-% Pt-Ru SWNT demonstrates stable 10 mA cm−2 HER current at 46 mV overpotential and outperforms commercial electrocatalysts. When integrated in an AEM electrolyser, a high current density of 500 mA cm−2 at a low voltage of 1.72 V is achieved with 34 µg cm−2 metal loading. First-principles calculations reveal that both the Pt-Ru alloy nanoparticle and intratube nanowires promote near optimal H* binding energy, thereby releasing the H2 faster. Thus, our approach yields an active low metal loading alkaline HER catalyst without sacrificing the performance in an AEM electrolyser.
Original languageEnglish
Article number121541
JournalApplied Catalysis B: Environmental
Volume315
Early online date7 Jun 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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