Self-assembly of colloidal building blocks, like metal nanoparticles, is a rapidly progressing research area toward new functional materials. However, in-depth control of the colloidal self-assembly and especially hierarchical self-assembly is difficult due to challenges in controlling the size dispersities, shape/morphology, directionalities, and aggregation tendencies. Using either polydispersed or narrow-size dispersed nanoparticles, considerable progress has been achieved over the past few years. However, absolutely monodisperse nanoparticles could allow new options for rational designs of self-assemblies. Therein, atomically precise monolayer protected nanoclusters (d < 3 nm) have recently been synthesized with well-defined metal cores and surface ligands. Their dispersion behavior is commonly tuned by surfactant-like ligands. Beyond that, this study deals with approaches based on ligand-driven supramolecular interactions and colloidal monodispersity until atomic precision to tune the colloidal self-assembly and hierarchy from nanoscale to mesoscopic scale. Therein colloidal packing to self-assembled 2D crystals and closed virus capsid-inspired shells provide relevant research goals due to ever increasing potential of 2D materials and encapsulation. This study addresses the hydrogen bonding (H-bonding) directed self-assembly of atomically precise gold and silver nanoparticles and narrow size dispersed cobalt nanoparticles to free-standing 2D colloidal nanosheets, nanowire assemblies, capsid-like colloidal closed shells, as well as higher order structures.
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||Advanced Functional Materials|
|Early online date||8 Nov 2017|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2018|
|MoE publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|
- Colloids, Nanoparticles, 2D Nanosheets