Hydrogen Bonding Directed Colloidal Self-Assembly of Nanoparticles into 2D Crystals, Capsids, and Supracolloidal Assemblies

Nonappa Nonappa, Olli Ikkala

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Self-assembly of colloidal building blocks, like metal nanoparticles, is a rapidly progressing research area toward new functional materials. However, in-depth control of the colloidal self-assembly and especially hierarchical self-assembly is difficult due to challenges in controlling the size dispersities, shape/morphology, directionalities, and aggregation tendencies. Using either polydispersed or narrow-size dispersed nanoparticles, considerable progress has been achieved over the past few years. However, absolutely monodisperse nanoparticles could allow new options for rational designs of self-assemblies. Therein, atomically precise monolayer protected nanoclusters (d < 3 nm) have recently been synthesized with well-defined metal cores and surface ligands. Their dispersion behavior is commonly tuned by surfactant-like ligands. Beyond that, this study deals with approaches based on ligand-driven supramolecular interactions and colloidal monodispersity until atomic precision to tune the colloidal self-assembly and hierarchy from nanoscale to mesoscopic scale. Therein colloidal packing to self-assembled 2D crystals and closed virus capsid-inspired shells provide relevant research goals due to ever increasing potential of 2D materials and encapsulation. This study addresses the hydrogen bonding (H-bonding) directed self-assembly of atomically precise gold and silver nanoparticles and narrow size dispersed cobalt nanoparticles to free-standing 2D colloidal nanosheets, nanowire assemblies, capsid-like colloidal closed shells, as well as higher order structures.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1704328
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Issue number27
Early online date8 Nov 2017
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Colloids
  • Nanoparticles
  • 2D Nanosheets


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