Hydrofluoric-nitric-sulphuric-acid surface treatment of tungsten for carbon fibre-reinforced composite hybrids in space applications

Mikko Kanerva, Leena-Sisko Johansson, Joseph Campbell, Hannu Revitzer, Essi Sarlin, Timo Brander, Olli Saarela

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)418-427
JournalApplied Surface Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2015
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • composites
  • interface
  • surface treatments
  • tungsten trioxide
  • xps

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