Hybrid Microassembly with Surface Tension Driven Self-alignment: Handling Strategies and Micro-fabricated Patterns

Research output: ThesisDoctoral ThesisCollection of Articles


Research units


Hybrid microassembly combines self-assembly technology with traditional robotic pick-and-place technology or other robotic feeding mechanics to construct microsystems. In a typical hybrid microassembly process, a micro part is brought adjacent to the assembly site by a robot handling tool at a high speed but with a relatively low precision, and liquid droplets dispensed by a dispenser at the assembly site align the part at a higher precision. By combing both the robotic pick-and-place technique and self-assembly technique, hybrid microassembly technique can achieve high speed and high precision simultaneously. This thesis explores the adaptability of hybrid microassembly technique by investigating different hybrid microassembly methods and different types of the patterns. Three hybrid microassembly approaches have been investigated: 1) droplet assisted hybrid microassembly, 2) water mist induced hybrid microassembly and 3) hybrid microassembly with forced wetting. The droplet assisted hybrid microassembly has been studied using patterns with segments and patterns with jagged edges. Parallel microassembly of microchips with water mist induced hybrid microassembly has also been explored. Hybrid microassembly on hydrophobic receptor site with super-hydrophobic substrate has been experimentally investigated with two forced wetting techniques. Four different types of patterns have been investigated for hybrid microassembly technique: (a) oleophilic/phobic patterns, (2) hydrophobic/super-hydrophobic patterns, (3) segmented patterns and (4) patterns with jagged edges. Hybrid microassembly has been studied on a new patterned oleophilic/oleophobic surface using adhesive droplet in ambient air environment. A patterned hydrophobic/super-hydrophobic surface has also been investigated and hybrid microassembly has been demonstrated with both water and adhesive. Application relevant patterns such as segmented patterns and patterns with jagged edges have been investigated. In summary, this thesis shows that hybrid microassembly can adapt to large varieties of patterns. Several new hybrid microassembly methods are developed and demonstrated. Such a wide adaptability and a variety of the processes indicate that hybrid microassembly can be a very promising approach for many potential applications, such as integration of surface emitting lasers, integration of small dies and 3D integration of chips with high density pin counts.


Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor's degree
Awarding Institution
  • Aalto University
Print ISBNs978-952-60-5261-8
Electronic ISBNs978-952-60-5262-5
Publication statusPublished - 2013
MoE publication typeG5 Doctoral dissertation (article)

    Research areas

  • hybrid microassembly, droplet self-alignment, surface tension, self-assembly

ID: 20665479