Hybrid Flow Batteries: Advances, Scientific Challenges and Market

Damián Monllor-Satoca, Cristina Flox Donoso

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingEntry for encyclopedia / dictionaryScientificpeer-review


Sustainable and efficient electrochemical energy storage has been invoked as a reliable solution to tackle the global climate change and energy availability through intermittent sources. In this scenario, hybrid flow batteries (Hybrid-FBs) are an attractive solution for medium and large-scale applications. Their inexpensive and Earth abundant active materials as well as easily-recyclable components, warrant their rapid penetration on the energy markets as a cost-effective technology. Herein, a technological overview and real-environment applications of Hybrid-RFBs are presented, providing the latest advances, future challenges and development opportunities to fulfil the requirements of the electrical grid modernization.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationReference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)978-0-12-409548-9
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 29 Jul 2021
MoE publication typeA3 Part of a book or another research book


  • Electrochemical energy storage
  • Electrodeposition
  • Energy markets
  • Hybrid flow batteries
  • Low-cost technology
  • Rechargeable
  • Redox reaction
  • Sustainability


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