IHMISÄÄNI JA VIRITTÄYTYMISEN TAITO. SANATTOMAN ÄÄNELLISEN KOHTAAMISEN MERKITYS PSYYKKISTÄ APUA TARVITSEVIEN IHMISTEN KOKEMUKSISSA

Translated title of the contribution: HUMAN VOICE AND THE ABILITY OF ATTUNEMENT. THE SIGNIFICANCE OF NON-VERBAL VOCAL ENCOUNTERING IN THE EXPERIENCES OF PEOPLE IN NEED OF PSYCHIATRIC HELP

Research output: ThesisDoctoral ThesisMonograph

Abstract

MY DOCTORAL RESEARCH uses the process of artistic research to develop a method fornon-verbal vocal encountering for situations when verbal communication breaks down. The research has been conducted in co-operation with Helsinki University Central Hospital of Psychiatry, with participants who were receiving psychiatric treatment in the hospital. Eight participants and a psychiatric nurse took part in the participatory vocalizing that consisted of 15 meetings. In this vocal work, the participants activated and joined their voices together. The shared non-verbal vocalizing created a phenomenon of vocal encountering. In its sphere of influence the interaction unfolded through silence, vulnerability, interoceptive sensing, one’s own voice, rhythm, space, the listener’s share, spectrum of vitality and shared resonance sphere. I recorded, composed, and published the shared voices of the sessions as a series of research artworks called Hospital Symphonies in co-operation with artistic working groups.The site- and situation sensitive works where then shared in the psychiatric hospital space (Laulunpesä/Vocal Nest, 2015), in a concert hall (Hospital Symphonies, 2018) and via radio (Sairaalasinfonia 3.0). I have investigated the effects of shared vocalizing through artistic and qualitative means, and by collecting questionnaires from the participants and listeners. Based on the ethically sensitive research material and three artistic components, my research shows that shared vocal and sensorial attunement can foster affective connection between people, in situations in which verbal communication breaks down. Non-verbal encountering developed strong interoceptive experiences for participants and listeners that enabled them to experience vitalization of the connection between self, others, and the surrounding world. The non-verbal encountering affirmed the participants’ involvement and agency and widened the spectrum of becoming heard and understood. The resonance sphere, experienced bodily, decreased the participants’ sense of petrification and enabled existential and mutual experiences of being alive, which are difficult to achieve otherwise. Working as an artist-researcher in the challenging environment increased my skill of sensorial attunement. The ethics of sensorial attunement become crucial for enabling the vulnerable encounter-events between participants. The shared attunement regulates the connections between people by enlivening the participants own abilities for attunement which has transformational potentiality for the recovery of the participants. It can also be helpful for the psychiatric healthcare to foster situations in which language-based connection is not feasible. In the shared resonance sphere social cohesion can be experienced without the institutional and functional roles between people which can enhance social recognition and human dignity. By creating connections for affective interaction, the skill of vocal attunement destabilizes the structures of ordinary interaction and shows the psychiatric environment in a new light.
Translated title of the contributionHUMAN VOICE AND THE ABILITY OF ATTUNEMENT. THE SIGNIFICANCE OF NON-VERBAL VOCAL ENCOUNTERING IN THE EXPERIENCES OF PEOPLE IN NEED OF PSYCHIATRIC HELP
Original languageFinnish
QualificationDoctor's degree
Awarding Institution
  • Aalto University
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Hohti, Paula, Supervising Professor
  • Vadén, Tere, Supervising Professor, External person
  • Puurtinen, Aija, Supervising Professor
Award date6 May 2022
Publisher
Print ISBNs978-952-64-0698-5
Electronic ISBNs978-952-64-0699-2
Publication statusPublished - 2022
MoE publication typeG4 Doctoral dissertation (monograph)

Keywords

  • ihmisääni
  • virittäytymien
  • vuorovaikutus, mielenterveys

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