Human smart cities. Co-creation methodologies and technologies

Álvaro Oliveira, Irani Santos

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


This paper argues that current technology-driven implementations of Smart Cities, although being an important step in the right direction, fall short in exploiting the most important human dimension of cities. In a Human Smart City, people rather than technology are the true actors of the urban "smartness". The urban transformation is driven by the citizens through their empowerment and motivation allowing major city challenges to be addressed, including sustainable behaviour transformations. The Human Smart Cities concept builds upon emergent sustainable models for urban living, working and governance, enabled by Open Platforms and Digital Services. At the core of the vision is the citizen-centric and participatory approach to the co-design, development, and production of smart city services. Such services exploit the technical "smartness" of sensors, meters and infrastructures in a context favouring citizen empowerment, social interaction in physical urban settings, public-citizens use of open data and data analytics and partnerships. The authors argue that the city challenges are more effectively addressed at the scale of neighbourhood and they provide cases and experiences that demonstrate the viability, importance and impact of this model in Europe and beyond.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWMSCI 2018 - 22nd World Multi-Conference on Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics, Proceedings
EditorsBelkis Sanchez, Michael Savoie, Nagib Callaos
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventWorld Multi-Conference on Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics - Orlando, United States
Duration: 8 Jul 201811 Jul 2018
Conference number: 22


ConferenceWorld Multi-Conference on Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics
Abbreviated titleWMSCI
CountryUnited States


  • Human Smart Cities
  • Innovation Ecosystems
  • MyNeighbourhood
  • Open Platforms
  • Urban Living Labs

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