Human Sensorimotor Beta Event Characteristics and Aperiodic Signal Are Highly Heritable

K. Amande*, Elina Salmela, Olesia Korsun, Jan Kujala, Riitta Salmelin, Hanna Renvall

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
14 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Individuals’ phenotypes, including the brain's structure and function, are largely determined by genes and their interplay. The resting brain generates salient rhythmic patterns that can be characterized noninvasively using functional neuroimaging such as magnetoencephalography (MEG). One of these rhythms, the somatomotor (rolandic) beta rhythm, shows intermittent high amplitude “events” that predict behavior across tasks and species. Beta rhythm is altered in neurological disease. The aperiodic (1/f) signal present in electrophysiological recordings is also modulated by some neurological conditions and aging. Both sensorimotor beta and aperiodic signal could thus serve as biomarkers of sensorimotor function. Knowledge about the extent to which these brain functional measures are heritable could shed light on the mechanisms underlying their generation. We investigated the heritability and variability of human spontaneous sensorimotor beta rhythm events and aperiodic activity in 210 healthy male and female adult siblings’ spontaneous MEG activity. The most heritable trait was the aperiodic 1/f signal, with a heritability of 0.87 in the right hemisphere. Time-resolved beta event amplitude parameters were also highly heritable, whereas the heritabilities for overall beta power, peak frequency, and measures of event duration remained nonsignificant. Human sensorimotor neural activity can thus be dissected into different components with variable heritability. We postulate that these differences partially reflect different underlying signal-generating mechanisms. The 1/f signal and beta event amplitude measures may depend more on fixed, anatomical parameters, whereas beta event duration and its modulation reflect dynamic characteristics, guiding their use as potential disease biomarkers.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0265232023
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalJOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE
Volume44
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jan 2024
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • 1/f (aperiodic) component
  • beta oscillation
  • heritability
  • magnetoencephalography
  • resting state
  • sensorimotor

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