How to computationally determine the maximum stable operation current of an HTS magnet

Janne Ruuskanen*, Antti Stenvall, Valtteri Lahtinen, Jeroen Van Nugteren, Glyn Kirby, Jaakko Murtomaki

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The short-sample critical current is only an indicative property for the maximum current a magnet can be continuously operated with. This was especially visible in the experiments of one of the world's first Roebel-cable-based high temperature superconductors dipole magnet prototype built and tested at CERN in 2017 where the thermal runaway developed very slowly in many cases. Consequently, the maximum stable operation current could be overstepped and stable operation could be recovered by lowering the current below the maximum of the stable range again. It is non-trivial to quantitatively predict this behavior from the critical current measurements which are observed under specific cooling conditions and based on an arbitrarily selected electric field criterion for the critical current. To make more rigorous predictions on the maximum stable operation current, one needs to consider in detail the interplay of cooling over the magnet surface and heat generation in the winding. This paper presents a methodology to determine the maximum stable operation current for a given magnet, as well as studies its mathematical background. Insight to this problem comes from the Roebel-cable-based dipole magnet studied at CERN during 2017.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4701204
JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • finite element methods
  • HTS magnets
  • modeling
  • optimization


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