How building users can contribute to greenhouse-gas emission reductions in Finland: comparative study of standard technical measures, user modifications and behavioural measures

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Researchers

  • M. K. Mattinen
  • P. Tainio
  • M Salo
  • Mikko Jalas

  • A. Nissinen
  • E. Heiskanen

Research units

  • Finnish Environm Inst, Freshwater Ctr
  • University of Helsinki

Abstract

The residential sector is responsible for a considerable share of global greenhouse-gas emissions. In cold climates, space heating and energy-efficiency improvements are critical. Solutions can be off-the-shelf technologies, user modifications to adapt such technologies to local needs or behavioural measures. This paper conducts carbon footprint and profitability analyses of 20 such measures, including conventional technical measures, user modifications and behavioural changes in Finland. The study focuses on detached houses that have the most common heating system in the Finnish context-direct electricity, which is particularly problematic because it limits the options for improvement. The results show that the largest energy and emission savings resulted from heat pump installations and adding insulation to the roof. The most profitable measures were related to heat pumps. Some of the user modifications appeared promising in both respects.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)301-320
Number of pages20
JournalEnergy Efficiency
Volume9
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Research areas

  • Greenhouse-gas emission, Cost, Energy efficiency, Measure, Residential house, User modification, HOUSEHOLD ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION, LIFE-CYCLE ASSESSMENT, ENERGY-CONSERVATION, ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS, RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS, FEEDBACK, COST, INFORMATION, SECTOR, IMPROVEMENTS

ID: 2017507