A new approach for the processing of porous crystalline Ni-Mn-Ga compacts by spark plasma sintering (SPS) from a mixture of gas atomized Ni-Mn-Ga and NaCl powders (25/75 vol%) is reported. The NaCl was removed to reveal a highly porous skeleton of Ni-Mn-Ga. Solid skeletons were heat-treated in vacuum to grow the grains to a size of 22–23 μm, from the 1.7 μm found in the powder. The sample with the highest porosity showed a magnetic-field-induced strain of 1.24%. The MFIS is attributed to magnetically induced twinning due to the reduction of grain boundary constraints and the formation of preferred orientation.
- Ferromagnetic shape memory alloy
- Magnetic-field-induced strain
- Porous material
- Spark plasma sintering