High-Frequency Geomagnetic Fluctuations at Auroral Oval and Polar Cap

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Standard

High-Frequency Geomagnetic Fluctuations at Auroral Oval and Polar Cap. / Peitso, P.; Tanskanen, E. I.; Pulkkinen, T. I.; Mursula, K.

In: Space Weather, Vol. 16, No. 8, 08.2018, p. 1057-1072.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Harvard

APA

Vancouver

Author

Bibtex - Download

@article{b19d3696ff344969b906e78f5b53cba8,
title = "High-Frequency Geomagnetic Fluctuations at Auroral Oval and Polar Cap",
abstract = "Rapid magnetic fluctuations are known to be closely linked to the high-latitude geomagnetic activity, in particular, to geomagnetic pulsations and subtorms. Increasing amount of commercial activity in the arctic regions requires better monitoring capability and improved understanding on the effects of geomagnetic hazards to infrastructure. In this study, we analyze rapid, 1-s fluctuations in Greenland. To measure high-frequency geomagnetic fluctuations in the auroral oval and polar cap, we use high time resolution data of 1 s from 12 stations covering a large latitudinal range of 64 to 84 quasi-dipole geomagnetic latitude (QDGMlat). We found out that the large magnetic field fluctuations exceeding 0.2 nT/s are observed 10–30{\%} of the time in auroral oval latitudes, depending on the solar cycle phase and station location. The latitudinal differences are much larger in fluctuation coverage (fractional derivative rate, FDR) than in fluctuations amplitude (dH/dt). The highest |dH/dt| and FDRs at noon are observed at the northern stations from 72 to 84 QDGMlat, while in south Greenland from 72 to 65 QDGMlat, the highest |dH/dt| and FDRs are recorded at midnight. The largest differences in seasonal variation between noon and midnight are observed in the polar cap, where a summer increase is seen at noon and almost flat seasonal profile at midnight.",
keywords = "auroral oval, Greenland, polar cap, seasonal variation, space weather",
author = "P. Peitso and Tanskanen, {E. I.} and Pulkkinen, {T. I.} and K. Mursula",
year = "2018",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1029/2018SW001841",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
pages = "1057--1072",
journal = "Space Weather",
issn = "1542-7390",
number = "8",

}

RIS - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - High-Frequency Geomagnetic Fluctuations at Auroral Oval and Polar Cap

AU - Peitso, P.

AU - Tanskanen, E. I.

AU - Pulkkinen, T. I.

AU - Mursula, K.

PY - 2018/8

Y1 - 2018/8

N2 - Rapid magnetic fluctuations are known to be closely linked to the high-latitude geomagnetic activity, in particular, to geomagnetic pulsations and subtorms. Increasing amount of commercial activity in the arctic regions requires better monitoring capability and improved understanding on the effects of geomagnetic hazards to infrastructure. In this study, we analyze rapid, 1-s fluctuations in Greenland. To measure high-frequency geomagnetic fluctuations in the auroral oval and polar cap, we use high time resolution data of 1 s from 12 stations covering a large latitudinal range of 64 to 84 quasi-dipole geomagnetic latitude (QDGMlat). We found out that the large magnetic field fluctuations exceeding 0.2 nT/s are observed 10–30% of the time in auroral oval latitudes, depending on the solar cycle phase and station location. The latitudinal differences are much larger in fluctuation coverage (fractional derivative rate, FDR) than in fluctuations amplitude (dH/dt). The highest |dH/dt| and FDRs at noon are observed at the northern stations from 72 to 84 QDGMlat, while in south Greenland from 72 to 65 QDGMlat, the highest |dH/dt| and FDRs are recorded at midnight. The largest differences in seasonal variation between noon and midnight are observed in the polar cap, where a summer increase is seen at noon and almost flat seasonal profile at midnight.

AB - Rapid magnetic fluctuations are known to be closely linked to the high-latitude geomagnetic activity, in particular, to geomagnetic pulsations and subtorms. Increasing amount of commercial activity in the arctic regions requires better monitoring capability and improved understanding on the effects of geomagnetic hazards to infrastructure. In this study, we analyze rapid, 1-s fluctuations in Greenland. To measure high-frequency geomagnetic fluctuations in the auroral oval and polar cap, we use high time resolution data of 1 s from 12 stations covering a large latitudinal range of 64 to 84 quasi-dipole geomagnetic latitude (QDGMlat). We found out that the large magnetic field fluctuations exceeding 0.2 nT/s are observed 10–30% of the time in auroral oval latitudes, depending on the solar cycle phase and station location. The latitudinal differences are much larger in fluctuation coverage (fractional derivative rate, FDR) than in fluctuations amplitude (dH/dt). The highest |dH/dt| and FDRs at noon are observed at the northern stations from 72 to 84 QDGMlat, while in south Greenland from 72 to 65 QDGMlat, the highest |dH/dt| and FDRs are recorded at midnight. The largest differences in seasonal variation between noon and midnight are observed in the polar cap, where a summer increase is seen at noon and almost flat seasonal profile at midnight.

KW - auroral oval

KW - Greenland

KW - polar cap

KW - seasonal variation

KW - space weather

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85052482488&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1029/2018SW001841

DO - 10.1029/2018SW001841

M3 - Article

VL - 16

SP - 1057

EP - 1072

JO - Space Weather

JF - Space Weather

SN - 1542-7390

IS - 8

ER -

ID: 27791484