High Purity Nickel Recovery from an Industrial Sidestream Using Concentration and Liquid-Liquid Extraction Techniques

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Researchers

Research units

  • Central South University

Abstract

This article outlines an alternative flowsheet for the purification of a multi-metal industrial sidestream (16.3 g/l Ni, 0.7 g/l Co, 0.6 g/l Ca and 1.6 g/l Mg) to allow high-purity nickel recovery. The methodology comprises an initial evaporation step to achieve Ca removal followed by impurity (Ca, Mg) and valuable (Co, Ni) element separation via two-step solvent extraction with organophosphorus extractants. Results indicate that > 80% of Ca is selectively removed as CaSO4 center dot 2H(2)O by evaporation with a concentration degree > 6. In the following treatment, 90% of residual Ca (0.6 g/l) can be selectively extracted with Na-D(2)EHPA. The subsequent solvent extraction step with Na-Cyanex 272 separates Co (> 99%) and Mg (> 95%). The resultant nickel sulfate solution (61.7 g/l Ni, 0.3 g/l Mg and Co 0.007 g/l) of > 99.5% purity can be directly integrated into state-of-the-art nickel recovery processes.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages8
JournalJOM
Publication statusPublished - 4 Dec 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Research areas

  • DIRECT SOLVENT-EXTRACTION, SODIUM-SALTS, SULFATE, PURIFICATION, COBALT, SEPARATION

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