High performance silicon electrode enabled by titanicone coating

Zahilia Cabán Huertas, Daniel Settipani, Cristina Flox, Joan Ramon Morante, Tanja Kallio*, Jordi Jacas Biendicho*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
15 Downloads (Pure)


This paper presents the electrochemical performance and characterization of nano Si electrodes coated with titanicone (TiGL) as an anode for Li ion batteries (LIBs). Atomic layer deposition (ALD) of the metal combined with the molecular layer deposition (MLD) of the organic precursor is used to prepare coated electrodes at different temperatures with improved performance compared to the uncoated Si electrode. Coated electrodes prepared at 150 °C deliver the highest capacity and best current response of 1800 mAh g−1 at 0.1 C and 150 mAh g−1 at 20 C. This represented a substantial improvement compared to the Si baseline which delivers a capacity of 1100 mAh g−1 at 0.1 C but fails to deliver capacity at 20 C. Moreover, the optimized coated electrode shows an outstanding capacity of 1200 mAh g−1 at 1 C for 350 cycles with a capacity retention of 93%. The improved discharge capacity, electrode efficiencies, rate capability and electrochemical stability for the Si-based electrode presented in this manuscript are directly correlated to the optimized TiGL coating layer deposited by the ALD/MLD processes, which enhances lithium kinetics and electronic conductivity as demonstrated by equivalent circuit analysis of low frequency impedance data and conductivity measurements. The coating strategy also stabilizes SEI film formation with better Coulombic efficiencies (CE) and improves long cycling stability by reducing capacity lost.

Original languageEnglish
Article number137
Number of pages8
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jan 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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