High performance ceramic nanocomposite fuel cells utilizing LiNiCuZn-oxide anode based on slurry method

M. I. Asghar*, S. Jouttijärvi, P. D. Lund

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
135 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

A multi-oxide material LiNiCuZn-oxide was prepared through a slurry method as an anode for ceramic nanocomposite fuel cell (CNFC). The CNFCs using this anode material, LSCF as cathode material and a composite electrolyte consisting of CaSm co-doped CeO2 and (NaLiK)2CO3 produced ∼1.03 W/cm2 at 550 °C due to efficient reaction kinetics at the electrodes and high ionic transport in the nanocomposite electrolyte. The electrochemical impedance spectroscopy revealed low ionic transport losses (0.238 Ω cm2) and low polarization losses (0.124 Ω cm2) at the electrodes. The SEM measurements revealed the porous microstructures of the composite materials at electrode and the dense mixture of CaSm co-doped CeO2 and (NaLiK)2CO3. The Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) analysis revealed high surface areas, 4.1 m2/g and 3.8 m2/g, of the anode and cathode respectively. This study provides a promising material for high performance CNFCs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12797-12802
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume43
Issue number28
Early online date1 Jan 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Ceramic
  • Conductivity
  • Fuel cell
  • Multi-oxide
  • Nanocomposite
  • Synthesis

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