Advancing bone implant engineering offers the opportunity to overcome crucial medical challenges and improve clinical outcomes. Although the establishment of a functional vascular network is crucial for bone development, its regeneration inside bone tissue has only received limited attention to date. Herein, we utilize siRNA-decorated particles to engineer a hierarchical nanostructured coating on clinically used titanium implants for the synergistic regeneration of skeletal and vascular tissues. Specifically, an siRNA was designed to target the regulation of cathepsin K and conjugated on nanoparticles. The functionalized nanoparticles were assembled onto the bone implant to form a hierarchical nanostructured coating. By regulating mRNA transcription, the coating significantly promotes cell viability and growth factor release related to vascularization. Moreover, microchip-based experiments demonstrate that the nanostructured coating facilitates macrophage-induced synergy in up-regulation of at least seven bone and vascular growth factors. Ovariectomized rat and comprehensive beagle dog models highlight that this siRNA-integrated nanostructured coating possesses all the key traits of a clinically promising candidate to address the myriad of challenges associated with bone regeneration.
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Mar 2020|
|MoE publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|
- Bone regeneration
- Colloidal assembly
- Surface functionalization