The bottom ash and fly ash from the co-combustion of wood residues and peat at a bubbling fluidised bed boiler (296 MW) contained only quartz (SiO2), microcline (KAlSi3O8) and albite (NaAlSi3O8). Thus, X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) was not useful for clarifying the difference in the release of associated heavy metals from ash matrices. In order to assess the release of heavy metals from ashes under changing environmental conditions, they were sequentially extracted and fractionated by the BCR-procedure into acid soluble/exchangeable (CH3COOH), reducible (NH2OH-HCl) and oxidizable (H2O2/CH3COONH4) phases. The CH3COOH extractable fraction in conjunction with the total heavy metals concentrations were used to calculate the risk assessment code values for heavy metals leaching from the ash matrix. The leaching studies indicate that the heavy metals in the bottom ash and fly ash are bound to different fractions with different strengths. From the environmental and utilization perspectives, heavy metals in ashes posed different levels of environmental contamination risk. Only As in the bottom ash posed a very high risk. High risk metals were Cd in the bottom ash as well as As, Cd and Se in the fly ash.
Number of pages|
TRANSACTIONS OF NONFERROUS METALS SOCIETY OF CHINA|
Published - Jan 2016|
MoE publication type|
A1 Journal article-refereed|
risk assessment code
SEQUENTIAL EXTRACTION PROCEDURE