Heat transport in a two-level system driven by a time-dependent temperature

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The field of thermotronics aims to develop thermal circuits that operate with temperature biases and heat currents just as how electronic circuits are based on voltages and electric currents. Here, we investigate a thermal half-wave rectifier based on a quantum two-level system (a qubit) that is driven by a periodically modulated temperature difference across it. To this end we present a nonequilibrium Green's function technique, which we extend to the time domain to account for the time-dependent temperature in one of two thermal reservoirs connected to the qubit. We find that the qubit acts a thermal diode in parallel with a thermal capacitor, whose capacitance is controlled by the coupling to the reservoirs. These findings are important for the efforts to design nonlinear thermal components such as heat rectifiers and multipliers that operate with more than one diode.

Original languageEnglish
Article number205420
Number of pages11
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 12 Nov 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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