Heat-power decoupling and energy saving of the CHP unit with heat pump based waste heat recovery system

Haichao Wang*, Pengmin Hua, Xiaozhou Wu, Ruoyu Zhang, Katja Granlund, Ji Li, Yingjie Zhu, Risto Lahdelma, Esa Teppo, Li Yu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)
19 Downloads (Pure)


Combined heat and power (CHP) plants are operating under more fluctuating working conditions due to the increasingly inconsistent demands for heat and power and integration of renewable energy. This paper proposes to use an electric heat pump (EHP) to decouple heat and power and save energy by recovering waste heat from the cooling water. The thermodynamic model of the CHP unit under dynamic working conditions is established, and the dynamic EHP model based on an efficiency factor is proposed. The heat-power decoupling and energy-saving potential with different heat and power outputs and the heat pump DH ratio (χHP) are analyzed for a CHP unit as a case study. Absorption heat pump (AHP) and EHP-based waste heat recovery systems are also compared. The results indicate that the heat-power decoupling potential is bigger when χHP and the heat demand are increasing. The energy-saving effect is clearer by increasing the coefficient of performance (COP), χHP, or both. AHP and EHP can help the system obtain a certain level of heat-power decoupling and energy-saving effects, but these effects of the AHP-based system are smaller than that of EHP, especially under the working conditions of high heat demand and low power demand.

Original languageEnglish
Article number123846
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Absorption heat pump (AHP)
  • Combined heat and power (CHP)
  • Electric heat pump (EHP)
  • Energy saving
  • Heat-power decoupling
  • Waste heat recovery


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