Next generation cellular networks (5G) have to deal with massive deployment of machine-type-communication (MTC) devices, expected to cause congestion and system overload in both the radio access network (RAN) and the core network (CN). Moreover, not only would the network suffer from the system overload, but also the MTC devices would experience high latency to access the channel and high power consumption due to the retransmission attempts. Indeed, power consumption is a critical issue in MTC, as the devices are not plugged into the electrical supply, e.g., in the case of sensor devices. To alleviate system overload (caused by the massive MTC deployment), the 3GPP proposed the group paging (GP) method. However, its performances dramatically decrease when increasing the number of MTC devices being paged. In this paper, we devise a novel method, named further improvement-traffic scattering for group paging (FI-TSFGP), which aims to improve the performance of GP when the number of MTC devices is high. FI-TSFGP scatters the paging operation of the MTC devices over a GP interval instead of letting all of the devices start the channel access procedure at nearly the same time. By doing so, FI-TSFGP achieves high-channel access probability for MTC devices, leading to the reduction of both the channel access latency and power consumption. Compared to GP and two other schemes, simulation results clearly demonstrate the high performance of FI-TSFGP in terms of: success and collision probabilities, average access delay, average number of preamble transmissions, and ultimately energy conservation.
- congestion control
- Energy efficient