GRIDS: Interactive Layout Design with Integer Programming

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Abstract

Grid layouts are used by designers to spatially organise user interfaces when sketching and wireframing. However, their design is largely time consuming manual work. This is challenging due to combinatorial explosion and complex objectives, such as alignment, balance, and expectations regarding positions. This paper proposes a novel optimisation approach for the generation of diverse grid-based layouts. Our mixed integer linear programming (MILP) model offers a rigorous yet efficient method for grid generation that ensures packing, alignment, grouping, and preferential positioning of elements. Further, we present techniques for interactive diversification, enhancement, and completion of grid layouts (Figure 1). These capabilities are demonstrated using GRIDS1, a wireframing tool that provides designers with real-time layout suggestions. We report findings from a ratings study (N = 13) and a design study (N = 16), lending evidence for the benefit of computational grid generation during early stages of design.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCHI 2020 - Proceedings of the 2020 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
Place of PublicationHonolulu, HI, USA
PublisherACM
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-4503-6708-0
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventACM SIGCHI Annual Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Honolulu, United States
Duration: 25 Apr 202030 Apr 2020
https://chi2020.acm.org/

Conference

ConferenceACM SIGCHI Annual Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
Abbreviated titleACM CHI
CountryUnited States
CityHonolulu
Period25/04/202030/04/2020
Internet address

Keywords

  • Grid Layouts
  • Creativity Support
  • Computational Design
  • Mixed-Initiative
  • Optimisation
  • Design Tools

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  • Projects

    COMPUTED: Computational User Interface Design

    Oulasvirta, A., Kim, S., Dayama, N., Shiripour, M., Todi, K., Liao, Y., Koch, J., Nioche, A., Feit, A., Bruckner, L. & Leiva, L.

    27/03/201531/08/2020

    Project: EU: ERC grants

    Cite this

    Todi, K., Dayama, N., Saarelainen, T., & Oulasvirta, A. (Accepted/In press). GRIDS: Interactive Layout Design with Integer Programming. In CHI 2020 - Proceedings of the 2020 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems ACM.