Gridded global datasets for Gross Domestic Product and Human Development Index over 1990-2015

Matti Kummu*, Maija Taka, Joseph H.A. Guillaume

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)
184 Downloads (Pure)


An increasing amount of high-resolution global spatial data are available, and used for various assessments. However, key economic and human development indicators are still mainly provided only at national level, and downscaled by users for gridded spatial analyses. Instead, it would be beneficial to adopt data for sub-national administrative units where available, supplemented by national data where necessary. To this end, we present gap-filled multiannual datasets in gridded form for Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and Human Development Index (HDI). To provide a consistent product over time and space, the sub-national data were only used indirectly, scaling the reported national value and thus, remaining representative of the official statistics. This resulted in annual gridded datasets for GDP per capita (PPP), total GDP (PPP), and HDI, for the whole world at 5 arc-min resolution for the 25-year period of 1990-2015. Additionally, total GDP (PPP) is provided with 30 arc-sec resolution for three time steps (1990, 2000, 2015).The Author(s) 2018.

Original languageEnglish
Article number180004
Number of pages15
JournalScientific Data
Publication statusPublished - 6 Feb 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Gridded global datasets for Gross Domestic Product and Human Development Index over 1990-2015'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Projects

    WASCO: Global Water Scarcity Atlas: understanding resource pressure, causes, consequences, and opportunities

    Guillaume, J., Kummu, M. & Munia, H.


    Project: Academy of Finland: Other research funding

    From Failand to Winland

    Jalava, M., Kummu, M. & Lehikoinen, E.


    Project: Academy of Finland: Strategic research funding

    Cite this