This paper examines how a conflict between non-governmental organizations (NGO) and multinational enterprise (MNE) over a serious environmental issue escalates in a state-capitalist context. The paper advances knowledge about ways in which NGOs seek to promote sustainable development and networked state and corporate entities manoeuvre to counteract such attempts. Drawing from a unique longitudinal data set from 2010-2014 on the Arctic oil drilling dispute between environmental NGOs headed by Greenpeace, and Gazprom, a Russian oil giant, we identify how conflict develops and corporate (ir)responsibility gets produced and maintained in a state-managed network capitalism. Our findings imply that the MNE-NGO relationships framing common in IB literature stem from and apply for liberal market economies, but is not appropriate for state-capitalist contexts. The latter call for theories of their own based on MNE-NGO- government concepts. Based on our findings we suggest an indigenous theorizing and come up with a mid-range theory for MNE-NGO-government conflicts in state-managed network capitalism contexts. We construct two concepts for understanding of such conflicts: shadow-boxing–where escalating action by NGOs lead to intentional disregard by both the corporation and the state who remain in shadow; and homeostasis where the contested corporate activity continues undisturbed after the escalated conflict.
|Publication status||Published - 9 Jul 2018|
|MoE publication type||Not Eligible|
|Event||Academy of Management Annual Meeting: Improving Lives - Chicago, United States|
Duration: 10 Aug 2018 → 14 Aug 2018
Conference number: 78
|Conference||Academy of Management Annual Meeting|
|Period||10/08/2018 → 14/08/2018|