Greenpeace, Gazprom, Russia: Toward Theory of NGO-MNE-Government Conflict in State-Capitalist Context

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractScientificpeer-review


This paper examines how a conflict between non-governmental organizations (NGO) and multinational enterprise (MNE) over a serious environmental issue escalates in a state-capitalist context. The paper advances knowledge about ways in which NGOs seek to promote sustainable development and networked state and corporate entities manoeuvre to counteract such attempts. Drawing from a unique longitudinal data set from 2010-2014 on the Arctic oil drilling dispute between environmental NGOs headed by Greenpeace, and Gazprom, a Russian oil giant, we identify how conflict develops and corporate (ir)responsibility gets produced and maintained in a state-managed network capitalism. Our findings imply that the MNE-NGO relationships framing common in IB literature stem from and apply for liberal market economies, but is not appropriate for state-capitalist contexts. The latter call for theories of their own based on MNE-NGO- government concepts. Based on our findings we suggest an indigenous theorizing and come up with a mid-range theory for MNE-NGO-government conflicts in state-managed network capitalism contexts. We construct two concepts for understanding of such conflicts: shadow-boxing–where escalating action by NGOs lead to intentional disregard by both the corporation and the state who remain in shadow; and homeostasis where the contested corporate activity continues undisturbed after the escalated conflict.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 9 Jul 2018
MoE publication typeNot Eligible
EventAcademy of Management Annual Meeting: Improving Lives - Chicago, United States
Duration: 10 Aug 201814 Aug 2018
Conference number: 78


ConferenceAcademy of Management Annual Meeting
Abbreviated titleAOM
CountryUnited States

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