Grasping the tensions affecting the futures of internet

Mikko Dufva*, Hannu Pekka Ikäheimo, Tomi Slotte Dufva

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)


    The internet and the digital world at large has been promised to bring efficiency, understanding and happiness to humankind. However, what we see are filter bubbles, polarization, weaponized social media and cyber wars. Instead of tech-utopia there has been a fracturing of reality. In this article, we describe an approach based on anticipation studies, futures-oriented dialectics and cultural and societal studies on post-digital to combat this fracturing. Using this approach we ask what kind of assumptions are made about the futures of the digital world and what are the socio-cultural-technical tensions between these assumptions? By using a past but still topical depiction of the future of online communication as a guide we explore some assumptions and the underlying tensions and illustrate our framework. We conclude with a discussion on how to move forward with building an ethical and aesthetic relation to realities in the digital realm and in the intersection between digital and physical.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)51-60
    Number of pages10
    JournalJournal of Futures Studies
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2020
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


    • Anticipation studies
    • Critical futures studies
    • Digi-grasping
    • Futures-oriented dialectics
    • Internet
    • Post-digital


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