Global substorm cycle: What can the models tell us?

Tuija I. Pulkkinen*, Daniel N. Baker

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Magnetospheric substorms represent the basic dynamic process in the coupled solar wind - magnetosphere - ionosphere system. Recent satellite missions have considerably advanced our means to monitor this vast environment. These observations are interpreted in the context of a hierarchy of models: Global MHD simulations and various techniques of nonlinear physics are used to characterize the large-scale features, whereas microphysical models are used to study the small-scale processes. Empirical models are described in order to address questions that involve meso-scale or multi-scale phenomena. We discuss some of the recent observations and relate those to new advancements in various modeling techniques.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-37
Number of pages37
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1997
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Auroral phenomena
  • Current systems
  • Magnetospheric dynamics
  • Magnetotail
  • Plasma sheet
  • Substorms


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