Global and Local Multiple SLEs for κ≤ 4 and Connection Probabilities for Level Lines of GFF

Eveliina Peltola, Hao Wu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


This article pertains to the classification of multiple Schramm–Loewner evolutions (SLE). We construct the pure partition functions of multiple SLE κ with κ∈ (0 , 4] and relate them to certain extremal multiple SLE measures, thus verifying a conjecture from Bauer et al. (J Stat Phys 120(5–6):1125–1163, 2005) and Kytölä and Peltola (Commun Math Phys 346(1):237–292, 2016). We prove that the two approaches to construct multiple SLEs—the global, configurational construction of Kozdron and Lawler (Universality and renormalization, vol 50 of Fields institute communications. American Mathematical Society, Providence, 2007) and Lawler (J Stat Phys 134(5–6): 813-837, 2009) and the local, growth process construction of Bauer et al. (2005), Dubédat (Commun Pure Appl Math 60(12):1792–1847, 2007), Graham (J Stat Mech Theory 2007(3):P03008, 2007) and Kytölä and Peltola (2016)—agree. The pure partition functions are closely related to crossing probabilities in critical statistical mechanics models. With explicit formulas in the special case of κ= 4 , we show that these functions give the connection probabilities for the level lines of the Gaussian free field (GFF) with alternating boundary data. We also show that certain functions, known as conformal blocks, give rise to multiple SLE 4 that can be naturally coupled with the GFF with appropriate boundary data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)469-536
Number of pages68
JournalCommunications in Mathematical Physics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 4 Mar 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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