General public reactions to carbon capture and storage: Does culture matter?

Farid Karimi*, Arho Toikka

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We scrutinise the controversial carbon capture and storage (CCS) technology from a cross-cultural perspective. The reaction of the public to CCS will considerably affect the development of the technology. Previous research has identified general and local mechanisms in how the general public reacts to CCS. Researchers have noticed that differences exist between countries, but the effects of cross-cultural differences have not been explored in detail. We argue that it is crucial to understand how public perceptions of the technology emerge and form in their individual contexts or embedded in large-scale cultural frameworks.

Public reaction to CCS is structured in two dimensions-risk perception and benefit perception-and we design a model with individual and national cultural level predictors. We indicate that effects of individual level variables such as familiarity with technology, or sociodemographic variables such as education, are important but their effects are likely mediated and confounded by the cultural setting people operate in. The results show that, in parallel with other factors such as trust, risk perception is affected by cultural dimensions such as uncertainty avoidance and the society's short-term or long-term orientation.

We provide a framework to understand why and how societies challenge the technology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)193-201
Number of pages9
JournalINTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GREENHOUSE GAS CONTROL
Volume70
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Carbon capture and storage
  • National culture
  • Social acceptability
  • Risk perception
  • Climate change
  • Energy policy
  • Social acceptance
  • CO2 STORAGE
  • RISK PERCEPTION
  • MONETARY COMPENSATION
  • CCS
  • ACCEPTANCE
  • INFORMATION
  • KNOWLEDGE
  • ATTITUDES
  • COMMUNICATION
  • DIMENSIONS

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