Gender in international business journals: A review and conceptualization of MNCs as gendered social spaces

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleScientificpeer-review


Research units

  • Hanken School of Economics


The paper reviews 105 contributions published in journals pertinent to the field of International Business (IB) between 1991 and 2014 and details four main conceptualizations of gender: how women are compared against men, how gender is treated as a control variable and a cultural macro variable, and how gender is ‘done’ in international organizations. The review reveals that positivist epistemological assumptions dominate the IB field and that the current understanding of gender is limited. To advance the research, the paper develops the notion of MNCs as gendered social spaces and explains why the IB field would benefit from a more nuanced understanding and incorporation of gender relations into its analyses and discussions. The paper outlines theoretical and methodological advances associated with the reconceptualization of MNCs as gendered social spaces.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-53
JournalJournal of World Business
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2019
MoE publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal

    Research areas

  • Gender, Gendered social space, International business, Multinational corporations, Review, Theory

ID: 36419408