Gas jet disruption mitigation studies on Alcator C-Mod and DIII-D

R. S. Granetz, E. M. Hollmann, D. G. Whyte, V. A. Izzo, G. Y. Antar, A. Bader, M. Bakhtiari, T. Biewer, J. A. Boedo, T. E. Evans, I. H. Hutchinson, T. C. Jernigan, D. S. Gray, M. Groth, D. A. Humphreys, C. J. Lasnier, R. A. Moyer, P. B. Parks, M. L. Reinke, D. L. RudakovE. J. Strait, J. L. Terry, J. Wesley, W. P. West, G. Wurden, J. Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

66 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High-pressure noble gas jet injection is a mitigation technique which potentially satisfies the requirements of fast response time and reliability, without degrading subsequent discharges. Previously reported gas jet experiments on DIII-D showed good success at reducing deleterious disruption effects. In this paper, results of recent gas jet disruption mitigation experiments on Alcator C-Mod and DIII-D are reported. Jointly, these experiments have greatly improved the understanding of gas jet dynamics and the processes involved in mitigating disruption effects. In both machines, the sequence of events following gas injection is observed to be quite similar: the jet neutrals stop near the plasma edge, the edge temperature collapses and large MHD modes are quickly destabilized, mixing the hot plasma core with the edge impurity ions and radiating away the plasma thermal energy. High radiated power fractions are achieved, thus reducing the conducted heat loads to the chamber walls and divertor. A significant (2 × or more) reduction in halo current is also observed. Runaway electron generation is small or absent. These similar results in two quite different tokamaks are encouraging for the applicability of this disruption mitigation technique to ITER.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1086-1091
Number of pages6
JournalNuclear Fusion
Volume47
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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