Full-duplex amplify-and-forward relays with optimized transmission power under imperfect transceiver electronics

Gustavo J. González*, Fernando H. Gregorio, Juan E. Cousseau, Taneli Riihonen, Risto Wichman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)
183 Downloads (Pure)


In-band full-duplex (FD) relays are useful for extending coverage areas and increasing overall throughput in wireless networks. The main technical difficulty hindering their implementation and use is their inherent self-interference (SI), generated due to simultaneous in-band reception and forwarding. Efficient SI mitigation is a practical necessity, and the imperfections in transceiver electronics, from which power amplifier (PA) non-linearity is one of the most serious phenomena, have to be taken into account in order to not limit the performance of such techniques. The magnitude of the distortion introduced by the PA depends on the relay input back-off (IBO) whose optimization for alleviating the effect of PA non-linearity is the main research objective in this paper. In particular, although plain signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) at the destination obviously increases when the IBO decreases, increased transmit power also strengthens the non-linear distortion leading to decreasing overall signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR). We develop expressions for bounding the optimal IBO setting that maximizes the SINR at the destination, considering all relevant hardware impairments and SI cancellation with I/Q imbalance compensation. We provide closed-form solutions for the soft-limiter PA model and numerical results for more general PA models. Finally, the derived IBO bounds are compared with the numerical maximization of the SINR and the minimization of the bit-error rate (BER) to demonstrate that the theoretical bound settings provide good approximations to the optimal one.

Original languageEnglish
Article number76
Pages (from-to)1-12
JournalEURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • In-band full-duplex wireless communication
  • Non-regenerative relays
  • Optimization
  • Self-interference cancellation
  • Transceiver hardware impairments


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