Full Charge Capacity and Charging Diagnosis of Smartphone Batteries

Mohammad Ashraful Hoque, Matti Siekkinen, Jonghoe Koo, Sasu Tarkoma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Full charge capacity (FCC) refers to the amount of charge a battery can hold. It is the fundamental property of smartphone batteries that diminishes as the battery ages and is charged/discharged. We investigate the behavior of smartphone batteries while charging and demonstrate that battery voltage and charging rate information can together characterize the FCC of a battery. We propose a new method for accurately estimating FCC without exposing low-level system details or introducing new hardware or system modules. We further propose and implement a collaborative FCC estimation technique that builds on crowd-sourced battery data. The method finds the reference voltage curve and charging rate of a particular smartphone model from the data and then compares with those of an individual device. After analyzing a large data set towards a crowd-sourced rate versus FCC model, we report that 55 percent of all devices and at least one device in 330 out of 357 unique device models lost some of their FCC. For some old device models, the median capacity loss exceeded 20 percent. The models further enable debugging the performance of smartphone charging. We propose an algorithm, called BatterySense, which utilizes crowd-sourced rate to detect abnormal charging performance, estimate FCC of the device battery, and detect battery changes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7888515
Pages (from-to)3042-3055
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Battery
  • charging rate
  • fuel gauge
  • full charge capacity
  • state of charge
  • voltage

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