## Abstract

Volume estimates of metric balls in manifolds find diverse applications in information and coding theory. In this paper, new results for the volume of a metric ball in unitary group are derived via tools from random matrix theory. The first result is an integral representation of the exact volume, which involves a Toeplitz determinant of Bessel functions. A simple but accurate limiting volume formula is then obtained by invoking Szeg's strong limit theorem for large Toeplitz matrices. The derived asymptotic volume formula enables analytical evaluation of some coding-theoretic bounds of unitary codes. In particular, the Gilbert-Varshamov lower bound and the Hamming upper bound on the cardinality as well as the resulting bounds on code rate and minimum distance are derived. Moreover, bounds on the scaling law of code rate are found. Finally, a closed-form bound on the diversity sum relevant to unitary space-time codes is obtained, which was only computed numerically in the literature.

Original language | English |
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Article number | 7876735 |

Pages (from-to) | 2814-2821 |

Number of pages | 8 |

Journal | IEEE Transactions on Information Theory |

Volume | 63 |

Issue number | 5 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 1 May 2017 |

MoE publication type | A1 Journal article-refereed |

## Keywords

- Coding-theoretic bounds
- random matrix theory
- unitary group
- volume of metric balls